Since 1877 ... The Westminster Kennel Club legacy
Here are the dogs, the people and the stories that have shaped the legacy and tradition of the Westminster Kennel Club and its famous annual all-breed dog show in its long and colorful history.
1876 (or earlier) - A group of sporting gentlemen meet regularly in the bar of a Manhattan hotel to trade stories about their shooting accomplishments and the talents of their dogs. Eventually they decide to form a club and name it after their meeting place: The Westminster Hotel. Early on, the club - officially named the Westminster Breeding Association - owns a kennel and raises Pointers for hunting and field trials.
1876 - The Westminster Breeding Association helps stage a dog show in Philadelphia in celebration of America's centennial. The show is such a success that the members decide to hold their own dog show to allow them to compare their dogs in a setting away from the field. The members change the name of their organization to the Westminster Kennel Club and incorporate under that name in 1877.
1877 - The First Annual New York Bench Show of Dogs, given under the auspices of the Westminster Kennel Club, is held in the Hippodrome at Gilmore's Garden (the forerunner to Madison Square Garden) in New York City, drawing an entry of 1,201 dogs.
The show is such a hit that it is extended to four days to accommodate the overwhelming public interest. The gate for the first day of the show is estimated as high as 8,000. On the second day, 20,000 spectators attended, a number matched on the third day and providing the impetus to add a fourth day.
The proceeds from that fourth day were donated to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) to open a home for stray and disabled dogs.
Among the entries listed in the first show: two Staghounds from the late General George Custer's pack, and two Deerhounds that had been bred by the Queen of England.
1878 - The entry fee is $2, which includes feed and care of the dog.
1878 - The Board of the Club appoints a committee "to confer with like committees from the Kennel Clubs of Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and St. Louis to arrange a code of rules for holding Bench Shows and Field Trials."
1879 - This year's Premium List contains show rules and regulations, adopted together by Westminster and the Philadelphia Kennel Club. A Board of Appeals at the show is made up of three members of each club. It was an early step in the search for a set of rules under which the shows all across the country might be held.
1884 - Members of The Westminster Kennel Club and the Kennel Club of Philadelphia meet to establish a national governing body for dog registrations and dog shows: The American Kennel Club.
1884 - The Westminster Kennel Club is elected by the American Kennel Club as the AKC's first member club. The American Fox Terrier Club becomes the next member in 1886. Westminster is the only all-breed club to be a member until the Rhode Island Kennel Club joins in 1897.
1884 - For the only time in its history, Westminster holds two shows in the same year. The second show, held in the Fall, is for Non-Sporting Dogs, Deerhounds, Greyhounds and Fox Terriers. The entry of 600 included Leonbergs, Berghunds, Great Danes, Mexican Hairless and Chinese Cresteds.
1888 - In accordance with new rules adopted by the American Kennel Club, every dog entered at Westminster must be registered with the American Kennel Club. And in those cases where a potential entrant was not registered with the AKC, the Westminster Show Secretary accepted a registration application and fee (50 cents) and forwarded it to the AKC.
1888 - With her assignment of 117 St. Bernards at Westminster, Anna Whitney becomes the first woman to judge a dog show in America. She judges every year for the next seven years, but it would be 1901 before another woman judges any dog show in the U.S.
1889 - "The Czar of Russia" is listed as the breeder of a Siberian Wolfhound entered at this year's show.
1890 - W.M. Bangs, M.D., writing in Cosmopolitan magazine: "These shows have been very popular and they have had great effect in forming and developing the taste of lovers of the dog; (The Westminster Kennel Club) has had great effect in improving the quality of the dogs owned for use and companionship. Of this there can be no doubt ..."
One of the entries at this year's show is a Russian Wolfhound with a listed owner of "The Emperor of Germany."
1892 - The entry fee for Westminster is raised from $3 to $5, which includes a crew of attendants to feed and exercise the dogs. The New York Times reported that the fee raise was done to discourage the entry of other than first-rate dogs.
1893 - Philanthropist J. P. Morgan makes the first of his many appearances at Westminster with his Collies.
1894 - Famous American journalist Nelly Bly enters her Maltese at Westminster, some four years after she made a record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes, racing the record of Phineas Fogg in Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days.
1904 - For the first time, handlers wear arm bands with the catalog number of their dog.
1905 - With 1,752 dogs, Westminster becomes the largest dog show ever, surpassing the last show held at the Crystal Palace in London.
1907 - The award of Best In Show is given for the first time at Westminster. This year, and for the next two years as well, it goes to a Smooth Fox Terrier bitch named Ch. Warren Remedy. She remains the only dog ever to win three Bests In Show. A panel of 10 judges makes the decision, although their names were not recorded. (In fact, the names making up the panel of Best In Show judges were not recorded until 1912).
1908 - The number of dogs entered reaches 2,000 for the first time.
1909 - Ch. Warren Remedy, a Smooth Fox Terrier, is awarded Best In Show for the third consecutive year, a feat not duplicated since at Westminster.
1910 - A class is offered for the first time for Fire Department Dalmatians, won by Mike of Engine Company 8 of 51st Street.
1916 - One of the entries in the Miscellaneous Class this year is listed as a "Truffles Hunter." Later, nearly 30 dogs of different breeds compete in the Best In Show ring. A panel of five judges selects Ch. Matford Vic for her second consecutive BIS at Westminster
1917 - A special hero of World War I, a German Shepherd named Filax of Lewanno which had brought 54 wounded soldiers to safety, was exhibited at Westminster.
1918 - The profits of this show were donated to the American Red Cross in support of the war effort.
1918 - Amongst the donors of special trophies this year: Mrs. Payne (Helen Hay) Whitney, who was the first president of the Cairn Terrier Club of America. Her father, John Hay, was personal secretary to President Lincoln, Ambassador to the UK, and Secretary of State. Also making donations: Mrs. John Philip Sousa, wife of the famed band leader and composer; Mrs. Rodman Wanamaker, wife of the department-store owner and patron of the arts from Philadelphia; and Mrs. F.W. Vanderbilt.
1919 - Once again, profits are donated to the American Red Cross. The war is over, but Westminster offers special "Service Classes" for those who were serving or had served in the Armed Forces.
1923 - No Best In Show prize is awarded because of ongoing changes in American Kennel Club rules.
1924 - Westminster becomes the first club to conduct Best In Show judging in accordance with the new rules and format installed by the AKC. Five Group winners (Sporting, Working, Terrier, Toy and Non-Sporting) compete for the final award of Best In Show.
1926 - Madison Square Garden III opens on 8th Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets. Westminster moves its show there, where it will remain until the facility closes in 1968.
1928 - Mrs. Reginald F. Mayhew of Forest Hills, NY, becomes the first woman to have a voice in deciding Best In Show, as one of a panel of five judges making the decision.
1933 - Mrs. M. Hartley (Geraldine Rockefeller) Dodge judges Best In Show, becoming the first woman to officiate as the sole judge of this award. She is soon legendary in the dog show world, as the force behind the famed Morris & Essex Kennel Club and the benefactor of St. Hubert Giralda Animal Shelter in New Jersey.
1933 - A German Shepherd belonging to New York Yankee great, Lou Gehrig, is among this year's entries. "Afra of Cosalta" takes second in the Open Bitch class; Gehrig goes on to some success on the baseball field instead, finishing with a .340 lifetime batting average as one of the most beloved Yankees of all time.
1934 - The Children's Handling Grand Challenge Trophy is offered for the first time at Westminster. Later to be known as Junior Handling, this competition continues to be part of Westminster every year.
1935 - Mrs. Sherman Hoyt handles her Standard Poodle to BIS, the first such win ever for a woman handler, a feat that would not be repeated until 1956.
1937 - 3,140 dogs are entered at Westminster.
1938 - Best In Show Judge John G. Bates is pictured on the cover of Time Magazine before Westminster, with the caption, "His choice becomes the people's choice."
1941 - The show is changed from three days to a two-day event.
1941 and 1942 - Proceeds from these shows are donated to the American Red Cross. In 1943 and 1944, proceeds go to the benefit of Dogs for Defense. In 1945, the National War Fund is the recipient of the proceeds.
1946 - A tugboat strike causes New York Mayor William O'Dwyer to close the city down on the eve of the dog show. Business was allowed to resume 24 hours later, by that time forcing Westminster to make arrangements to hold its show in one day instead of two. Using 17 rings and a makeshift schedule that kept all rings in constant use, Best In Show was awarded by 12:15 a.m. that night, 15 minutes earlier than the year before.
1948 - Television coverage of Westminster takes place for the first time.
1951 - The Boxer, Ch. Bang Away of Sirrah Crest, becomes the first dog from West of the Mississippi to win Best In Show at Westminster.
1956 - Anne Hone Rogers (later Mrs. James Edward Clark) becomes the first woman professional handler and the second female to handle a dog to the Best In Show award.
1968 - Lakeland Terrier Ch. Stingray of Derryabah becomes the first dog to win Best In Show at Westminster after winning the same award at Crufts, Westminster's London counterpart.
1968 - The Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show is the final event of any kind held at Madison Square Garden III. In 1969, the show moves to Madison Square Garden IV, its present location.
1969 - A bitter snowstorm cripples the New York area and plays havoc with Westminster's first show at the new Garden.
1972 - The English Springer Spaniel Ch. Chinoe's Adamant James captures his second consecutive Best In Show at Westminster, becoming the seventh dog with multiple BIS wins (six dogs with two, one dog with three). Through 2007, no dog has done it since.
1976 - William W. Brainard, Jr. becomes the first person to judge Best In Show three times, a mark that is still unmatched.
1982 - The Westminster Kennel Foundation and Judge Frank Sabella become the first to donate gifts of art to the AKC Museum of the Dog.
1983 - Ch. Kabik's The Challenger, an Afghan Hound, becomes only the third Hound to win Best In Show and through 2007 is still the last Hound to do so.
1987 - The Westminster Kennel Foundation establishes an annual scholarship program for veterinary students.
1989 - A red Doberman Pinscher bitch, Ch. Royal Tudor's Wild as the Wind CD, becomes the first dog with an obedience title to capture Best In Show (and through 2007 remains as the only dog to do so).
1992 - Westminster becomes the first champions-only dog show held under AKC rules. Awards of Merit are added to the awards, the exact number given to be a function of the number of entries in each breed or variety.
1993 - After capturing Best In Show the previous year, Ch. Registry's Lonesome Dove, a Wire Fox Terrier, fails in an attempt to repeat when it is awarded third place in the Terrier Group. This is the last time that a BIS winner has tried to repeat.
1997 - Ch. Parsifal Di Casa Netzer, a Standard Schnauzer, becomes the first Italian-bred dog to win Best In Show.
1999 - "Kirby", a spunky Papillon officially known as Ch. Loteki Supernatural Being, becomes the oldest dog ever to win Best In Show. He is eight years, one month and ten days old, and his record will stand until 2009. With this win, he also becomes the first dog ever to win both the World Dog Show (at Helsinki over 17,000-plus dogs in 1998) and Westminster.
2002 - Westminster salutes the Search and Rescue dogs that performed so heroically during the 9/11 tragedy. Dogs and their handlers take part in the moving ceremonies and Glenn Close sings "God Bless America" to a rousing response in the arena and on the national telecast on USA Network.
2003 - Ch. Torums Scarf Michael, a Kerry Blue Terrier, captures Best In Show,
becoming only the second dog to win both Westminster and Crufts (2000).
2005 - For the first time, breed judging is broadcast to the general public via streaming video on the Westminster web site (www.westminsterkennelclub.org). Over 1.4 million streaming videos are requested online, from 140 countries, along with 15 million page views.
2005 - For the first time, Madison Square Garden is completely sold out for both days of the dog show.
2006 - Once again, the Garden is completely sold out for both days of the show, in spite of The Blizzard of 2006, which dropped a record-breaking 27 inches of snow on Manhattan on the Saturday and Sunday before the show.
2006 - Streaming video of the breed judging highlights increases threefold in its second year, producing a staggering 23.7 terabytes (a terabyte is 1,024 gigabytes). This total compares with 6.5 terabytes in 2005. Visitors logged 2.13 million visits (up 33% over the previous year).
2006 - The enthusiastic Garden crowd and national television audience join in saluting individuals and organizations in the dog world that joined with Westminster in being active in the rescue and recovery effort after the devastating Gulf Coast hurricanes of the previous Fall.
2007 - Chet Collier, longtime member and past show chair and president, is the first recipient of the club's Sensation Award. Named for the club's symbolic Pointer, the award is given in recognition of a member's contribution to the club, to purebred dogs, and the sport of showing dogs. Collier died later in the year.
2008 - Ch. K-Run's Park Me In First becomes the first Beagle ever and the first Hound in 25 years to win Best In Show at Westminster. His victory sets off a year-long celebration dubbed "Beaglemania" by the media.
"Uno" becomes the first Westminster winner to be invited to the White House, visiting President and Mrs. Bush in May, and later visits Texas Gov. Rick Perry at the capital in Austin.
He rings the bell to open the NASDAQ market, throws out the first pitch at major league baseball games in Milwaukee and St. Louis, is a celebrity headliner at various events, and visits children, soldiers and other patients in hospitals and health care facilities around the country. In November, he rides on a float in the world-famous Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. In December, a dog looking suspiciously like Uno is shown in a cover illustration of New Yorker Magazine. In it, he is seemingly offering advice to President-elect Obama, whose family is pondering what kind of a dog to get when they move into the White House.
2009 - Senior citizens around the world join in the celebration as a Sussex Spaniel named "Stump" becomes the oldest dog ever to capture Best In Show at Westminster. The 10-year-old golden liver dog (registered name Ch. Clussexx Three D Grinchy Glee) is more than two years older than the previous record holder, winning in front of another sellout crowd at the Garden. Stump is later featured on the cover of AARP Magazine.
2010 - The New York Post calls her the "Hottie Scottie," and the Scottish Terrier named Sadie (Ch. Roundtown Maryscot of Mercedes) struts her stuff to Best In Show and a post-show media tour that includes a visit to the Empire State Building, a visit with Donald Trump, and a trip to the New York Stock Exchange to ring the bell to open the market. It is the eighth time that a Scottish Terrier has captured the top award at Westminster, a total second only to Wire Fox Terriers (13).
2011 - For the second year in a row, it's a Scottish breed taking home the honors for America's Dog Show, this time a Scottish Deerhound named Hickory (GCH Foxcliffe Hickory Wind). She's the first Deerhound and only the fifth Hound to capture Best In Show (but the second in four years). Madison Square Garden is sold out for the 7th consecutive year, and the television audience on USA Network is the largest since 2006.
2012 - An indomitable Pekingese named Malachy makes Westminster his 115th career Best In Show.
2012 - The club announces several changes to be made effective with the 2013 show, including moving the breed competition held during the days to Piers 92/94 on New York's Upper West Side. Groups and Best In Show will continue to be held at the Garden in the evenings.
2013 - The move to Piers 92/94 for the daytime breed judging on Monday and Tuesday is a huge success, with enthusiastic crowds packing the Piers for the club's largest entry (2,720) since 1998. Group and Best In Show competition at Madison Square Garden in the evenings is a big hit, as always, with the smallest finalist, an Affenpinscher named Banana Joe, taking home the biggest prize, Best In Show. In the post-show winner's media tour, Banana Joe visits all the usual media stops, rings the bell to open the New York Stock Exchange, and also performs the first-ever Broadway theatre walk-on for the Westminster winner in "The Mystery of Edwin Drood."
2014 - The Masters Agility Championship at Westminster is added to Westminster Week, and takes place in Pier 94 on the Saturday before the showcase All Breed Dog Show. Agility brings back mixed breed dogs (All American dogs) to the club's activities for the first time since its earliest years. The event hits its 225 dog limit quickly (with 16 All Americans and entries in 63 breeds from 23 states). The public embraces Westminster's first Agility venture, filling Pier 94 on the Saturday night before the Dog Show and watching the live telecast on FOX Sports1 Network. The 2,845 entries in the main event, the All Breed Dog Show, is the largest entry since 1990, making a total Westminster entry of over 3,000 dogs for the Week. The seven Group winners in the Best In Show ring bring more than 500 Bests In Show among them into the most powerful final lineup ever seen anywhere. GCH Afterall Painting the Sky, a Wire Fox Terrier, takes home the sport's ultimate award, and in its Media Tour afterwards, has a walk-on role in the Broadway smash hit, "Kinky Boots."