The Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever, or the toller, was developed in the early 19th century in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia to toll, or lure, and retrieve waterfowl. Originally bred to resemble a fox, the playful action of the toller retrieving a stick or ball thrown by the hunter along the shoreline arouses the curiosity of the ducks offshore and lures them within gunshot range. This medium-sized, powerful, compact, balanced dog is the smallest of the retrievers. An ideal hunting companion, Tollers are ardent observers of life and full of energy. This breed has more zest and joy for life than most, and is enthusiastic and successful in hunting, conformation, obedience, agility, and search and rescue.